EDITOR’s VIEW: Examining the Distinction between Media and Journalism: The Impact of Foreign Ownership on Press Freedom

By: Vudi Xhymshiti

By: Vudi Xhymshiti — London, United Kingdom
Media and journalism are often used interchangeably, but they represent two separate concepts. Media refers to the various means of communication such as newspapers, television, radio, and the Internet that transmit information to the public. On the other hand, journalism involves the practice of collecting, evaluating, verifying, and presenting news and information to the public in an unbiased and ethical manner.

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When a media outlet is closed down due to being owned by a foreign state adversary, such as one aligned with a foreign government, it should not be viewed as a violation of press freedom or a threat to journalism. Press freedom is a fundamental principle that grants individuals and media organizations the right to express and disseminate information. However, this freedom is not absolute and can be restricted when it poses risks to national security or serves as a tool for spreading propaganda and misinformation.

The concern with media outlets owned by foreign state adversaries lies in their potential to be used as vehicles for disseminating disinformation or carrying out covert activities that undermine the interests of the host country. Shutting down such outlets is a defensive measure aimed at protecting the integrity of the media landscape and upholding national security.

Closing a media outlet owned by a foreign state adversary is necessary to preserve the integrity of journalism. Journalism strives to offer accurate, unbiased, and independent reporting, free from undue influence or bias. However, when a foreign state adversary controls a media outlet, there is a high risk that editorial decisions will be influenced by political agendas or propaganda goals.

By taking action to shut down these outlets, the state ensures that journalism remains a profession dedicated to serving the public interest and adhering to principles of truth, objectivity, and transparency. It becomes a way to safeguard the credibility and integrity of journalism from being compromised by external forces seeking to manipulate public opinion.

Understanding the difference between media and journalism is vital in grasping the distinction between press freedom and the closure of media outlets owned by foreign state adversaries. While press freedom is crucial, it is not absolute and may be limited when it threatens national security. Shutting down media outlets owned by foreign state adversaries is a necessary step to protect the integrity of journalism, ensuring that it continues to serve the public with accurate and independent information.

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Botuar: 30/07/2023

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